NABTEB GCE Government Questions and Answers  2019 Nabteb GCE

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NABTEB GCE Nov/Dec Government ANSWER

Government Paper I Thursday 5/12/19 9.00a.m -12.20p.m



*Government OBJ*

(i) Government is responsible for law making in a country
(ii) Government provide social Amenities like electricity,potable water ,health centre etc.
(iii) Government is responsible for maintenance of law and order in the country.
(iv) Government is responsible for protection of lives and properties
(v) Government is responsible for defending the country against external aggression.

(i)Permanence: The state remains permanent feature. Government can change many things but a state remain permanent

(ii)A defined territory: A state has a defined territory with a limit to it’s size. It must have clearly defined boundaries,separating it from others. Things like waters, mountain, forest, air space etc make up the state

(iii)Government: Though government is not a parmanent feature of a state but it remains a significant feature because it is a machinery set up by the state to pilot the affairs of the people making up that state. The sustenance and prestige of a state are maintained by the government.

(iv)Sovereignty: The supreme power to make decisions and enforce same on the people is with the state. The sovereignty of a state is not negotiable and must be free from external interference and control

(v)population: This is an important attribute of a state. For a state to be called a state,there must be a given number of people making up the entity. However, with time, such number is bound to increase.


Communalism: Communalism is a social, political and economic arrangement in which landed property and other natural resources are collectively owned, managed and co-operatively harnessed by the community for the common good of everybody. Participation in community development is open to everybody. In most communal societies, people live in group as families sharing resources and responsibilities together for the benefit of everybody.

Feudalism: Feudalism can be defined as the identification of landed property with sovereignty over a parcel of land which becomes a private hereditary possession and asset to the family. The king on receiving his feud(Feudalism) or estate was entrusted with sovereignty over all persons living on it. He became their law maker, there commander and the judge.

communism: Communism may be defined as a political and economic system in which the community through the common ownership, collectively controls all the means of production of goods and services, exchange and distribution. Similarly there is the abolition of class oppression and expoitation and the foundation of the society is based on the common possession of the means of production and the equal distribution of goods, land, resources etc.

Capitalism: Capitalism can be defined as an economic system in which the means of production, exchange and distribution of goods and services are in the hands of private persons,providing or borrowing the necessary capital and taking the profits after all the costs of the production have been met. However, it should be noted that government’s participation in production is very low in capitalist economy. Private individuals have an edge over the government in this area.

Socialism: Socialism can be defined as a social, political and economic system in which the state owns and controls the means of production, exchange and distribution of goods and services. The main aim of socialism is to ensure equal distribution of the nation’s wealth. The state,acting on behalf of the people is seen as impartial and can adequately control all productive and and distributive activities in the state. This theory originated as a protest against the evils of capitalism.

Federalism is a system of government in which there is constitutional division of power among different level or three tier of government(federal,state/region and local government. In federalism ,the federal authority represents the whole and acts on behalf of all in certain matters especially defency, external affairs etc.

Monarchy may be defined as a type of goverment by one individual. This individual may be King,Queen or emperor. The monarch will remain in power until dealth or abdication. A constitutional monarch is one that is subjected to legal limitations while absolute monarch is not subject to any legal limitation.


Pressure group is defined as organised groups, which influence government decisions socially or economically, without necessarily entering into election activities for the control of government. In doing this,they influence the executive ,legislature and other officials of government to achieve their immediate aims.

The mass media: Pressure groups influence government policy through the mass media like Radio,TV,newspapers etc, inwhich they highlight their problem or make special appeal to the government.

(ii) Strike/boycott: Pressure groups may embark on strike (refusal to work ). strike is always the last option after all reconcilation and strategy have failed.

(iii) Lobbying: pressure groups attempt to lobby influential officials of the state eg the legislature. Lobbying is effective strategy in democratic societies.

(iv) Dialogue: This is a formal discussion between representatives of government and pressure groups. If dialogue fails, then continuation is inevitable

(v) Demonstration: Demonstration could be peaceful or violent. Pressure groups adopt these methods to mobilise support from members of the public.

(i) Political parties unite the people on major issues affecting the state

(ii) Political parties always serve as a link between the people and government

(iii) They enable the government to become accountable to the electorate through constructive criticism of the government in power

(iv) Political parties provide machinery for recruiting political leaders and also provide an organisation for running the government.

(v) Political parties classify issues and provide relevant information on candidates and current events there by encouraging the electorate to be more interested in governmental activities.


A serious riot broke out in the ancient city of Kano in Northern Nigeria on May 16, 1953. The nature of the riot were clashes between Northerners and Southerners, made up of mainly the Yorubas and the Ibos. The riot that lasted for four days which claimed many lives of the Southerners and Northerners and many others were wounded. The remote cause of the riot was the strained relationship between the Northern and Southern leaders over the issue of self-government in 1956. This strained relationship started with a 1953 motion for self-government for Nigeria in 1956 tabled in the House of Representatives by a member of the Action Group (AG) Chief Anthony Enahoro. The Northerners did not accept the motion. After the meeting was adjourned due disagreement between them. The Southerners saw it as a delay tactics. All the AG and NCNC members in the House walked out as a result of the adjournment motion. When the Northern delegates left the House they were confronted by hostile crowds in Lagos who insulted, jeered and called them all sorts of names. Members of the Northern delegation were embittered and in their “Eight Point Programme” in the Northern Regional Legislative House, they sought for secession. The last straw that broke the camel’s back was the tour by a delegation of the AG and NCNC led by Chief S.L. Akintola. That tour which was aimed at campaigning for self-government acted as the immediate cause of the Kano riot. It sparked off a chain of disorder that culminated in the riot.

(i) The relationship between North and South deteriorated.
(ii) Action Group and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons went into temporary alliance against the Northern People’s Congress thus bridging relationships.
(iii) It led to the granting of greater regional autonomy to the three regions.
(iv) Removal of power of intervention by the cent in all residual matters.
(v) Sir Oliver Lyttieton announced that it is impossible for the regions to work together, and therefore representatives from each region were be invited to discuss a new Nigerian constitution


(i) Scholarship: There is commonweath scholarship for deserving students
(ii) Granting loans: The richer states help the poor ones through granting of loans or financial aid
(iii) Common problem:Member states help discuss common problem, ensuring closer and friendly ties among them
(iv) Sporting activities: Member states engage in sporting activities every four years,thereby strengthening the existing relationship among them.
(v) Trading activities: Member states of the commonwealth gain immensely from trading acyivities existing among them.

(i) Boutros Boutros-Ghali
(ii) Kofi Annan
(iii) Ban Ki-moon
(iv) Sir Gladwyn jebb
(v) Kurt waldheim

(i) To promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedom for all races internationally
(ii) To develop friendly relations among states based on mutual respect, equal right and self determination of people
(iii) To encourage and achieve international cooporation in solving international problems economic, social, cultural and humanitarian
(iv) To maintain international peace,securities and promote economic and social advancement of all people
(v) To accelerate the independence of trust territories and also settle dispute among member state by peaceful means


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