How to Get 2019 NECO 2019 JUNE/JULY LITERATURE Question Paper.
2019 LITERATURE ANSWERS*
INSTRUCTION: _answer only one question from each section_
The widowhood experiences
of Yaremi, Dedewe, Fayoyin and Radeke are a
miscrosm of the plight of
widows in the larger
Nigerian society and in the
African continent as a
whole. The author condemns widow
remarriage and other
cultural practices that
subject widows to pain
and humiliation. ii)Loneliness: Another
important theme that
runs through the novel is
the theme of loneliness.
Yaremi was very lonely
and had to do most things by
herself. For instance, she had to appeal
to Uncle Deyo, Ajumobi’s
friend to assist in mending
her leaking roof and
rebuilding the walls of her
house. iii) Humiliation: Yaremi
suffered humiliation from
extended relations who
accused her of killing her
husband. Dedewe, Fayoyin
and Radeke also suffered humiliation. For instance,
Dedewe was made to sit in
a dark room by her
husband’s corpse while
Fayoyin’s hair was b@dly
shaved. Hardwork or Diligence: The theme of
diligence is expressed by
character. The author uses
several anecdotes to
There’s a great deal of verbal irony in the conversation that Bigger has with his friends before his job interview with Mr. Dalton. When Bigger claims he could fly a plane if he had a chance, Gus replies, ‘If you wasn’t black and if you had some money and if they’d let you go to that aviation school, you could fly a plane.’ This is verbal irony because Gus tells Bigger he can fly after listing all the reasons why he can’t fly. It’s sort of like saying ‘Sure, you could eat a dodo egg. If you could find a dodo, which is extinct, and has been extinct for centuries.’ This can illustrate how even with dark, depressing realities, humor can be found: it’s the foundation of irony!
A few lines later, Bigger says, ‘It’s funny how the white folks treat us, ain’t it?’ This is verbal irony because in reality, Bigger doesn’t think it is funny at all.
When Bigger takes an intoxicated Mary to her room to put her to bed, he becomes terrified when her blind mother walks in the door. He’s absolutely sure that he will be fired for taking Mary out with her boyfriend and letting her be so drunk, or even worse. A black man in a young white girl’s room could be seen as an even bigger problem. To keep from being caught, Bigger ‘caught a corner of the pillow and brought it to her lips.’ When Mary mumbled, Bigger pushed harder to muffle the sounds. By the time Mrs. Dalton leaves the room, Mary is dead. He’s later sentenced to be executed for this crime. This is situational irony because Bigger’s fear of getting fired leads to even bigger (no pun intended) problems.
One example of Wright’s use of symbolism is the rat at the beginning of the novel. Parallels between Bigger and the rat are apparent. When the scene with the rat is more specifically examined, it becomes apparent that it is used to symbolize Bigger’s emotions and feelings about his place in contrast to outside society. Richard Wright uses the rat scene to symbolize Bigger as a character and uses it as a tool to show many emotions Bigger has throughout the book.
Richard Wright expresses the feeling of being trapped as Bigger instruct Buddy to “put that box in front of the hole so [the rat] can’t get out” Bigger feels trapped inside barriers of society. Wright uses the rat to foreshadow the feeling of being trapped, which becomes apparent to the reader about Bigger as the story progresses.
Bigger is “trapped” by society due to racism and poverty and this leads to his desire for rebellion. Again, Wright physically represents Bigger with the rat by have the rat bite Bigger after he is cornered in by Bigger and Buddy. Bigger has the emotion to rebel against whites, because he feels trapped by them into a world of hopelessness.
Wright portrays the character of Bigger as this low class, poor, miserable man. Wright uses a white cat in the book to represent the idea of this “white power.” A cat can be seen a luxurious animal, especially in comparison to a rat. This shows that Wright was using the rat to represent Bigger. The rat is a big ugly, black rat. Bigger as a character is not shown to be a character the reader likes but a disgusting, low class human being.
Wright’s use of symbolism in Native Son is an effective tool for foreshadowing and underlying structures throughout the book. The rat scene is effective in many ways because it seems so insignificant until more closely observed.
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