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2020 Neco Chemistry Practicals Answers

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(1)
Indicator used is methyl orange.
Volume of pipette used is 25cm³

Tabulate.
Titration; Rough|1st|2nd|3rd|

Final burette reading cm³|23.50|23.00|23.00|33.00|

Initial burette reading cm³| 00|0.00|0.00|10.00|

Volume of acid used(cm³) |23.50|23.00|23.00|23.00|

Average volume of A used = 23.00+23.00+23.00/3 =23.00cm³

Equation for the reaction
X²Co³(aq)+2HCl(aq)—->2XCl(aq)+H²O(s)+Cl(s)

(1i)
Concentration of A in moldm³ =concentration in gldm³.

3.6g of A =500cm²
Xg of A will be = 10000³
Xg=3.65*1000/500 =36.5/5 =7.3gldm³

Molar Mass of A HCl=1+35.5=36.5
Concentration of A =7.3gldm³/36.5gldm³
=0.20moldm³

(1ii)
Concentration of B in moldm³
concentration of A in moldm³ CA=0.20
Volume of used VA=23.00
Concentration of B in moldm³ CB=?
Volume of B used VB= 25.00

CAVA/CBVB = n(A)/n(B) =2/1
0.20*23.00/CB*25.00=2/1

2*CB*25.00=0.20*23.00*1
CB=0.20*23.00/50
Cb=46/50=0.092moldm-³

(1iii)
Molar mass of B in glmol
Concentration of B(moldm-³)= conc gldm³/molar mass
0.092=10.60gldm³/molar mass
0.092 * molar mass =10.60gldm³
Molar mass =10.60gldm³/0.092
=115.2glmd

(1iv)
Relative atomic mass of X in X²CO³
X²+12+3(16)=115.2
2x+12+48=115.2
2x+60=115.2
2x=115.2÷60
2x=55.2
x=55.2/2=276
====================================

(2i)
Tabulate.
TEST; C + 5cm³ of distilled water and shake thoroughly. Divide the solutions into three portions.

OBSERVATION; A pale green solution results

INFERENCE; salt is soluble

(2ii)
TEST; To the first portion add NaOH solution in drys

OBSERVATION; Dark green gelatinous was formed

INFERENCE; Fe²^+ present

(2iii)
TEST; then in excess

OBSERVATION; precipitate is insoluble

INFERENCE; Fe²^+ present

(2iii)
TEST; To the second portion add K3Fe(CN)6 solution

OBSERVATION; A dark blue precipitate formed

INFERENCE; Fe²^+ confirmed

(2iv)
TEST; To the third portion add AgNO³ solution

OBSERVATION; White Precipitate formed

INFERENCE; SO4²^- , CL^- CO²^- present

(2v)
TEST; To the results obtained in add dilute HNO3 in drops , then excess

OBSERVATION; White Precipitate is insoluble

INFERENCE; CL^- present

(2vi)
TEST; To the results obtained in add NH3 solution

OBSERVATION; White Precipitate dissolves

INFERENCE; CL^- Confirmed
====================================

(3ai)
Filtration

(3aii)
Diagram.

(3bi)
I. Methyl Orange
II. Methyl orange
III. Phenolphthalein

(3bii)
A white Precipitate is observed. Effervescence occurs a gas is evolved which change lime water milky.
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Completed.

 

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