i. citizenship by birth
ii. citizenship by registration
iii.citizenship by naturalisation.

i. Citizenship by birth : Section 25 of the Nigerian Constitution explains in detail those individuals who are eligible under this category which simply means those who were born in Nigeria. Although being born in Nigeria does not automatically confer Nigerian citizenship.

ii. Citizenship by registration : This category of citizenship is covered under Section 26 of the Nigerian Constitution. An individual could be issued a certificate of citizenship of Nigeria if they satisfy certain conditions like being worthy in good character, expresses and shows a clear desire to be resident in the country, taking oath of allegiance to Nigeria, which is provided by Schedule 7 to the Nigerian Constitution, a woman who marries a Nigerian can also fall under this category

iii. Citizenship by Naturalization : Another means of citizenship in Nigeria is citizenship by naturalisation. Section 27 of the Constitution makes provision for this, provided certain requirements to be met, subject to Section 28 of the Constitution. If the person is confident that they meet the requirements, a written application is then made to the President applying for a certificate of naturalisation.

Law and Order is a condition in which the existing rules, regulations, norms and related legaly codes are recognized and observed for the sustenance of peace, orderliness and security of lives and property in society.

(i) Organizational Constituted Authority
(ii) Traditional Constituted Authority
(iii) Religious Constituted Authority

i. peaceful situation and environment coupled with the abilities of uniting the community members together.

ii. Enhancement Of Security: It is the duty of a positive inter-communal relationship to enhance and ensure stable security consciousness in their communities. This will help to remove the fear of violence, war of any kind between the communities involved.

iii. Promotion Of Intercommunal/Tribal Marriage: A responsible intercommunal relationship will promote tribal marriage by allowing the citizens and community members to marry from their neighbouring communities. This will enhance willingness for the communities to give out the hands of their sons and daughters in marriage with each other.

iv. Promotion Of Political Development: A positive intercommunal relationship promotes political development of different kinds and ensures that concerned communities participate in issues related to political enhancement in their various communities.

v. Promotion Of Economic Progress: A responsible and positive intercommunal relationship will enhance peaceful atmosphere and strategies for each other business like inter-marketing strategies, inter-agriculture strategies etc.

vi. Promotion Of Government Programmes And Policies.

(i) Investigation of drug-related crimes: The primary task of the NDLEA is to regularly find measures and means of finding out drug-related crimes which are the cultivation, trading and use of narcotic drugs and substances.

(ii) Enforcing drug law: There are several units outside the NDLEA with the responsibility of enforcing rules and regulations regarding drugs in the Nigerian constitution. The job of the NDLEA is to partner with these other agencies so as to enact drug laws.

(iii) Destroying narcotic plants and substances: The agency many times has to start from the root problem, the cultivation of hard drugs. The agency has the power to destroy narcotic plants and trees. By doing this, the agency will succeed at stifling the demands for these substances.

(iv) Partnering with international agencies to fight drug trafficking: Though a federal agency, the agency has international obligations. Its role is to oversee all drug-related affairs both within and outside Nigeria and enforce international drug laws.

(v) Leading in efforts related to drug-related researches: The agency serves as a technical and scientific unit in studies and experiments related to the use of narcotic substances. Since new substances are being adapted to form illegal substances, the NDLEA has a leading role to play in gathering these activities.
[Pick any three]
(i) Poverty Eradication: Youth empowerment can curb the rate of poverty to a large level.

(ii) Improved Standard of Education: Empowerment can help youth to understand the importance of education that leads to social improvement of the country

(iii) Good Governance: When the youths are empowered, they empower the masses, thereby paving path for a better future.

(iv) Crime reduction and National Security: Empowerment ensures that youth has the necessary skill to sustain a livelihood, preventing him to adopt the path of crime

(v) Employment Creation: This is another importance of youth empowerment. A youth empowered society will not seriously suffer from the problem of unemployment that many nations are battling with in the current time.

(i) Social expectations, values, moral, ideals and norms.

(ii) Beliefs, religious, political.

(iii) Peer group pressure, discrimination, bullying.

(iv) Societal pressures to conform to the norm.

(v) Cultural and linguistic differences.

(vi) Class differences, income, education and opportunities.
A representative democracy is a system where citizens of a country vote for government representatives to handle legislation and ruling the country on their behalf.

(7b) *(pick any four)*

(i)Universal participation:
All adults (18+) of the mental ability to choose wisely and independently have the right to vote, regardless of gender, race, or any other personal characteristics. voting must also be easily accessible to everyone.

(ii)Political equality (influence):
Only one vote per each individual, no exceptions. people cannot buy extra votes or bribe.

(iii)Political competition and choice: Voters must have more than one candidate to choose from

(iv)Rule of law:
There must be basis in law for all government actions. leaders cannot make up their own laws without an amendment to the constitution

(vi)Transparency in government:
Openness in government. the masses have a right to know what the government is doing.

(vii)Political accountability: The masses have a right to remove an incumbent from office if they are not abiding by the law and/or correctly doing their job

(i) No interest in registration of voters.
(ii). Ignoring electoral activities.
(iii) Ignoring elections.
(iv) Showing no interest in protecting the electoral process.
(v) .Showing no political position.

(i) Inculcating civic values.
(ii) Establishing corrupt free electoral body that would act as an impartial umpire in
the electoral process.
(iii)Independent/non-partisan judiciary.
(iv)Encouraging popular participation in elections.
(v)Defending the fundamental human rights of citizens.
(vi)Making leaders accountable to the people who elected them.


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